Friday, 22/11/2019 | 4:38 UTC+8
  • Concrete guidelines for developers – Sewage Treatment Plants in Malaysia

    If follow Sewage Services Department (JPP) / National Sewerage Company (IWK) guidelines there’s still a need to line the Sewage Treatment Plants tanks with High Alumina Cement. There is a ‘Guidelines for developers – Sewage Treatment Plants’, in the manual which states that:- Concrete structures shall be designed in accordance with MS 1195, except that

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  • Standard strength of a cement

    The standard strength of a cement is the compressive strength determined in accordance with EN 196-1 at 28 days and shall conform to the requirements in table below. Three classes of standard strength are included: class 32,5, class 42,5 and class 52,5 The strength classes are determined based on controlled testing with standard sand to

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  • Lime
    Limestone Powder in Malaysia

    Introduction Limestone is a sedimentary rock, formed by inorganic remains, such as shells or skeletons, that have compressed for a very long time. The main element found in limestone is calcium carbonate but it may contain magnesium, iron or manganese as well, which affect the whiteness and hardness. In Peninsular Malaysia, limestone major occurrences are

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  • The blending of GGBS & Fly Ash in cement

    It is common that incorporating Ground Granulated Blastfurnace Slag (GGBS) and / or Fly Ash in the Portland Cement (OPC). It will be advantages in lowering Rapid Chloride Permeability Test (RCPT) and minimising Alkali Silica Reaction (ASR) risk. In fact, triple blends (OPC / GGBS / Fly Ash) performs better than either the OPC/Fly Ash

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  • Blended Cement in Malaysia

    In Malaysia, regarding the cement specifications on use of blended cement with 25% Fly-Ash, cement supplier sometimes will propose on use of Ground Granulated Blastfurnace Slag (GGBS) as an alternative to Fly-Ash based on the logistic reasons, location of factory, stock available & etc. 25% Fly-Ash specified in the project will fall under CEM IIB-V

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  • In term of low temperature, GGBS or Fly Ash better?

    In Malaysia, for temperature control, both partial substitution of Portland Cement (OPC) with Ground Granulated Blastfurnace Slag (GGBS) and Fly Ash reduces heat generation. However, the level of GGBS substitution can be higher, thus the reduction of temperature is higher then Fly Ash. For example, for a 2m thick section, a 30% Fly Ash replacement

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  • Temperature rise in concrete

    In Malaysia, generally for 1m3 size concrete ~ the rule of thumb is about 13.5°C/100kg Portand Cement (OPC), for 380kg cement content, the temperature rise will be 51.3°C + 30°C or equal to 81.3°C.   If blended cement is used, the temperature rise will be proportionately lower. As the specification always allows the use of

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  • Type of cement used in Marine

    For type of cement to be used in marine conditions, there is the latest BS 8500-1:2006 + A1:2012. In Malaysia, this British Standard is also adopted into MS 523-2:2011 Concrete Specification. Please refer to the extract of BS 8500-1:2006 + A1:2012, marine conditions is under Exposure Classes XS1- XS3 (Table A.1) . Hence, considering the

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  • GGBS and Fly Ash in Malaysia

    In MS EN 197-1 on cement specifications stipulates 27 common cement, where both Ground Granulated Blastfurnace Slag (GGBS) and Fly Ash are two commonly ‘recycled’ materials used to partially replace Portland Cement (OPC) in cement production. These materials are also pozzolanic in nature i.e. they consume the lime from OPC hydration to form additional cementitious

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  • Blastfurnace Cement as an alternative to Sulphate Resisting Portland Cement (SRPC)

    In practice, cement supplier will counter propose to the contractor the use of an equivalent product for Sulphate Resisting Portland Cement (SRPC) which is Blastfurnace Cement complying to MS EN 197-1, CEMIII/B. One of the advantage is due to the pricing issues (Blastfurnace Cement is much cheaper). Blastfurnace Cement usually is manufactured with the combination of

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